First awarded in 1901, the Nobel Prize medals depict Alfred Nobel (1833-1896). © Nobel Media. Photo: Alexander Mahmoud

Nobel Laureates arrived in ICISE

Sheldon Lee Glashow - Nobel Prize in Physic 1979

Born: 5 December 1932, New York, NY, USA

 

Affiliation at the time of the award: Harvard University, Lyman Laboratory, Cambridge, MA, USA

 

Prize motivation: “for their contributions to the theory of the unified weak and electromagnetic interaction between elementary particles, including, inter alia, the prediction of the weak neutral current.”

Klaus von Klitzing - Nobel Prize in Physic 1985

Born: 28 June 1943, Schroda, German-occupied Poland (now Poland)

 

Affiliation at the time of the award: Max-Planck-Institut für Festkörperforschung, Stuttgart, Federal Republic of Germany

 

Prize motivation: “for the discovery of the quantized Hall effect.”

Born: 25 May 1921, Bad Kissingen, Germany

 

Affiliation at the time of the award: CERN, Geneva, Switzerland

 

Prize motivation: “for the neutrino beam method and the demonstration of the doublet structure of the leptons through the discovery of the muon neutrino.”

Born: 28 March 1930, Chicago, IL, USA

 

Affiliation at the time of the award: Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT), Cambridge, MA, USA

 

Prize motivation: “for their pioneering investigations concerning deep inelastic scattering of electrons on protons and bound neutrons, which have been of essential importance for the development of the quark model in particle physics.”

Born: 5 July 1946, Den Helder, the Netherlands

 

Affiliation at the time of the award: Utrecht University, Utrecht, the Netherlands

 

Prize motivation: “for elucidating the quantum structure of electroweak interactions in physics.”

Born: 4 October 1938, Aarberg, Switzerland

 

Affiliation at the time of the award: Eidgenössische Technische Hochschule (Swiss Federal Institute of Technology), Zurich, Switzerland, The Scripps Research Institute, La Jolla, CA, USA

 

Prize motivation: “for his development of nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy for determining the three-dimensional structure of biological macromolecules in solution.”

David Gross - Nobel Prize in Physic 2004

Born: 19 February 1941, Washington, DC, USA

 

Affiliation at the time of the award: University of California, Kavli Institute for Theoretical Physics, Santa Barbara, CA, USA

 

Prize motivation: “for the discovery of asymptotic freedom in the theory of the strong interaction.”

Born: 1 December 1943, Gjesdal, Norway

 

Affiliation at the time of the award: Carnegie Mellon University, Pittsburgh, PA, USA, University of California, Santa Barbara, CA, USA

 

Prize motivation: “for their contributions to dynamic macroeconomics: the time consistency of economic policy and the driving forces behind business cycles.”

 

Contribution: Showed that economic policies are often plagued by problems of time inconsistency. Demonstrated that society could gain from prior commitment to economic policy. Introduced new ideas about economic policy design and the driving forces behind business cycles.

Born: 20 February 1945, Yukon, FL, USA

 

Affiliation at the time of the award: University of California, Berkeley, CA, USA

 

Prize motivation: “for their discovery of the blackbody form and anisotropy of the cosmic microwave background radiation.”

Jean Jouzel - Nobel Prize in Peace 2007

Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC)
The Nobel Peace Prize 2007

 

Founded: 1988 in New York, NY, USA

 

Residence at the time of the award: Geneva, Switzerland

 

Prize motivation: “for their efforts to build up and disseminate greater knowledge about man-made climate change, and to lay the foundations for the measures that are needed to counteract such change.”

Born: 6 November 1932, Etterbeek, Belgium

 

Affiliation at the time of the award: Université Libre de Bruxelles, Brussels, Belgium

 

Prize motivation: “for the theoretical discovery of a mechanism that contributes to our understanding of the origin of mass of subatomic particles, and which recently was confirmed through the discovery of the predicted fundamental particle, by the ATLAS and CMS experiments at CERN’s Large Hadron Collider.”

Born: 9 March 1959, Higashimatsuyama, Japan

 

Affiliation at the time of the award: University of Tokyo, Kashiwa, Japan

 

Prize motivation: “for the discovery of neutrino oscillations, which shows that neutrinos have mass.”

Barry Barish - Nobel Prize in Physic 2017

Born: 27 January 1936, Omaha, NE, USA

 

Affiliation at the time of the award: LIGO/VIRGO Collaboration, California Institute of Technology (Caltech), Pasadena, CA, USA

 

Prize motivation: “for decisive contributions to the LIGO detector and the observation of gravitational waves.”

Michel Mayor - Nobel Prize in Physic 2019

Born: 12 January 1942, Lausanne, Switzerland

 

Affiliation at the time of the award: University of Geneva, Geneva, Switzerland

 

Prize motivation: “for the discovery of an exoplanet orbiting a solar-type star.”

The Fields Medal is awarded every four years on the occasion of the International Congress of Mathematicians to recognize outstanding mathematical achievement for existing work and for the promise of future achievement.

The Fields Medalist arrived in ICISE in 2015, 2016 & 2019

Ngo Bao Chau - Fields Medal in Mathematics 2010

Born: June 28, 1972, Hanoi, North Vietnam

 

Vietnamese-French mathematician who was awarded the Fields Medal in 2010 for his work in algebraic geometry, specifically “his proof of the Fundamental Lemma in the theory of automorphic forms.”

Born: 5 October, 1973, Brive-la-Gaillarde, France

 

He is a French politician and mathematician working primarily on partial differential equations, Riemannian geometry and mathematical physics. He was awarded the Fields Medal in 2010

ICTP’s Dirac Medal, first awarded in 1985, is given in honour of P.A.M. Dirac, one of the greatest physicists of the 20th century and a staunch friend of the Centre. It is awarded annually on Dirac’s birthday, 8 August, to scientists who have made significant contributions to theoretical physics. Photo: https://www.ictp.it/

The Dirac Medalist arrived in ICISE in 2013 & 2018

Dam Thanh Son - Dirac Medal of the ICTP 2018

Born: 1969, Hanoi, Vietnam

 

ICTP awarded its 2018 Dirac Medal and Prize to three distinguished physicists – Subir Sachdev of Harvard University, Dam Thanh Son of the University of Chicago, and Xiao-Gang Wen of the Massachusetts Institute of Technology – for their independent contributions toward understanding novel phases in strongly interacting many-body systems, introducing original cross-disciplinary techniques.